The Great Pyramid of Giza (Khufu), is the largest of the Giza Pyramids and the oldest member of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. This great structure was constructed on the orders of Khufu, the second ruler of the Fourth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt, taking thousands of workers more than two decades to build.
The Great Pyramid incorporates more than two million stone blocks. The original height was 146 meters, when it was covered by a casing that formed a smooth outer surface. Due to centuries of crumbling what is seen today is the underlying core structure, which reaches 139 meters tall. Some of the casing stones that once covered the pyramid can still be seen around the base of the structure.
Inside, the Great Pyramid features three burial chambers. There’s an underground chamber cut out from the bedrock of which the pyramid is built, while the second is above ground and known as the Queen's Chamber. The third, the King's Chamber at the top of the structure, holds a large red granite sarcophagus.
If not arriving as part of an organized tour with transport included, you can take a taxi from the center of Cairo to reach the Giza Pyramids. Once there, you can choose to walk or take a camel ride around the complex. It is possible to go inside the Great Pyramid, but be warned that the spaces are small and the climbs steep and narrow. (You will also need a separate ticket and these are limited to 300 per day.)
Did You Know? Each of the Giza Pyramids is dedicated to a different Pharaoh from the Old Kingdom’s Fourth Dynasty. Most theories about how the pyramids were built agree that they were constructed by thousands of workers quarrying huge stone blocks from the Nile then dragging and lifting them into place.